In the previous section we ignored the actual scale in order to focus on the formatting options. Now we will do the (almost) opposite, only focus on how to manipulate the scale and the scale labels.
There are a number of properties that can be adjusted in the scale.
The min and max values
The fonts and for the scale
The formatting of the scale values
The start and end angles for the min and max values
The tick interval
The intervall of the scale labels
The scale is an instance of
class OdoScale and is instantiated as an
object that is accessed through the "$scale" property of the plot
By default the scale runs between 0 (inclusively) and 100 (inclusively). trying to set the indicator needle to a value outside this range will result in an error.
The min an max values o the scale are specified with the method
The min/max values can be specified to any numeric value with the restriction that
$aMin <= $aMax
To adjust which scale position should have tick marks and which tick marks should have a labels the following method is used.
The first argument specifies the tick interval, i.e. the interval tick marks will be drawn in the odometer. The second argument specifies that every n:th tick should have a label.
The following line specifies that every 20 unit of the scale should have a tick mark and that every second tick mark should have a label
To make sure that both the min and max value of the scale gets a tick mark the tick multiplier should be an even divider to the scale range and the label multiplier should be a factor in the tick multiplier.
Figure 20.15 shows and example of how to change the scale, tick and label positions.
To adjust the appearance of the tick marks in respect to line weight, length and color the following three methods can be used:
The tick length of a major tick mark (which have labels) are 1.5 times that of a minor tick mark. This factor can not be adjusted.
The following section will show hot to customize the appearance of scale and labels.
The scale labels can, as all other texts in the library have there font and color adjusted. The text property for the labels i accessed through the property
Since this is a standard Text object we can adjust the font and color as the following example shows
The way the labels are formatted are controlled by a format string with the
printf()" syntax, e.g "
%d" (as default) displays
an integer and "
%02f.1" displays a label zero padded to two positions
and with one decimal place.
The format string is applied by using the
method of the scale class as in
The other aspect of the label formatting is exactly how the labels are positioned within the scale. By using the method
it is possible to specify the distance from the center to the label edge. By default this is 80% (i.e. specified as 0.8)
The following example shows the effect of applying some of these formatting options.
Example 20.4. Adjusting the scale format (
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// content="text/plain; charset=utf-8" require_once ("jpgraph/jpgraph.php"); require_once ("jpgraph/jpgraph_odo.php"); // Create a new odometer graph (width=250, height=200 pixels) $graph = new OdoGraph(250,170); // Setup graph titles $graph->title->Set('Custom formatting'); $graph->title->SetColor('white'); $graph->title->SetFont(FF_ARIAL,FS_BOLD); // Add drop shadow for graph $graph->SetShadow(); // Now we need to create an odometer to add to the graph. $odo = new Odometer(); $odo->SetColor("lightgray:1.9"); // Setup the scale $odo->scale->Set(100,600); $odo->scale->SetTicks(50,2); $odo->scale->SetTickColor('brown'); $odo->scale->SetTickLength(0.05); $odo->scale->SetTickWeight(2); $odo->scale->SetLabelPos(0.75); $odo->scale->label->SetFont(FF_FONT1, FS_BOLD); $odo->scale->label->SetColor('brown'); $odo->scale->label->SetFont(FF_ARIAL,FS_NORMAL,10); // Setup a label with a degree mark $odo->scale->SetLabelFormat('%dC'.SymChar::Get('degree')); // Set display value for the odometer $odo->needle->Set(280); // Add drop shadow for needle $odo->needle->SetShadow(); // Add the odometer to the graph $graph->Add($odo); // ... and finally stroke and stream the image back to the browser $graph->Stroke();
Figure 20.16. Adjusting the scale format
As can be seen in Figure 20.16 we have used the
class SymChar in order to get hold of the extended
character that represents the degree mark. Remember that in order to get the
extended character it is necessary to use a TTF scale.
By default the scale labels start at 180 degree (9'a clock) and ends at 0 degree (3'a clock). To offer full flexibility this can be adjusted.
The method used for this is
the angle is counted clockwise from the 6'a clock position. This means that the normal half odometer has a start angle of 90 degrees and an end angle of 270 degrees.
For full circle odometers the standard start angle is 40 degrees and the end angle is 320. This leaves a sector of 80 degrees free at the bottom of the odometer.
For example we could decide that the scale will start and stop 20 degrees above the horizontal line. The following example shows two odometer plots. The left uses the default start and end angle while the right odometer plot have adjusted start and end angles.
Figure 20.17. Adjusting start and end angles of scale
To further emphasize that the scale below the start and stop angles are "invalid" we could add a scale indicator in some gray:ish color that would signal that the area below 0 and 100 is not a valid scale area. We can do this by setting the range of the scale indicator to values outside the scale that would correspond to the horizontal line.
In Figure 20.17 we can accomplish this by adding the following two lines to the second odometer
The result of this is shown in Figure 20.18
Figure 20.18. Adding gray areas below the min and max scale values